7/21/16. Apparently these researchers don't watch the evening news. Addiction To Prescription Opioids May Be Tied To Creation Of Market For Cheaper, Potent Heroin, Analysis Suggests. The Washington Post (7/20, Humphreys) “Wonkblog” reports that the relationship between restricting access to prescription opioids and increasing heroin use is more complicated than some critics of the Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act believe, according to a systemic analysis of the matter that was published in the New England Journal of Medicine. The analysis was led by the National Institute on Drug Abuse’s Wilson Compton who says that restricting access to prescription opioids does not automatically increase heroin use, but that having many people addicted to prescription opioids may be tied to the creation of a market for cheap, potent heroin that appeals to people addicted to prescription opioids, which may explain the increase in heroin use in recent years.
7/21/16. And these researchers apparently don't get out much. Alcohol Intoxication Increases Aggression While Cannabis Use Reduces Such Feelings, Study Finds. The Washington Post (7/20) reports research published in the journal Psychopharmacology suggest “alcohol intoxication increased subjective aggression” while those who smoke marijuana “became less aggressive when they were high.” Researchers concluded that the “results in the present study support the hypothesis that acute alcohol intoxication increases feelings of aggression and that acute cannabis intoxication reduces feelings of aggression.” The findings are in line with other research.
8/2/16. Less serious disorders found to have better prognosis. Predictors of outcomes in outpatients with anorexia nervosa: Results from the ANTOP study. Psychiatry Research, 08/01/2016 Clinical Article. Wild B, et al. – Researchers explored the factors that may predict outcomes in outpatients with anorexia nervosa (AN). They concluded that better outcome was achieved in those who had a higher baseline BMI [Body Mass Index] and shorter illness duration.
9/6/16. Taking care of someone who can't tell you what's wrong should be a breeze! Relatives Who Care For Patients With Dementia Often Experience Frustration Due To Poor Communication, Study Suggests. The Washington Post (9/4, Bluth) reported relatives who care for patients with advanced dementia often experience difficulty because they can no longer communicate with their loved ones, according to a study published in the American Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease & Other Dementias. Researchers found that many family caretakers were often frustrated with their relatives with dementia because they could no longer communicate what they needed or when they were in pain.
12/13/16. Risk For Opioid Relapse May Be Lower After Voluntary Treatment Than After Compulsory Treatment, Small Study Indicates. Healio (12/12, Oldt) reports patients “with opioid dependence who were treated in compulsory drug detention centers were significantly more likely to relapse after release than those treated with methadone in voluntary drug treatment centers,” researchers found after conducting “a parallel, two-arm, prospective observational study of individuals with opioid dependence treated in Malaysia.” The findings of the study, which included 184 participants, were published online Dec. 7 in The Lancet Global Health. The author of an accompanying editorial observed that the study findings “provide solid evidence in support of an urgent need to expand availability of, and access to, evidence-based voluntary drug-dependence treatment approaches to all individuals affected by drug dependence.” Because motivation for treatment is irrelevant to its success.
12/12/16. Pain is associated with poorer grades, reduced emotional well-being, and attention problems in adolescents The Clinical Journal of Pain, 12/12/2016 Clinical Article - Voerman JS, et al. – Findings imply that the association between pain and Dutch adolescents grades is intervened by reduced emotional well–being and attention problems. The association between pain and math grades is mediated by emotional problems. The outcomes recommend that an intervention targeted at the pain in adolescents could have a positive effect on their emotional well–being, attention, and school performance. What a shock! Being in pain has effects on your emotional and cognitive functioning.
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity, 12/21/2016 Clinical Article, Stheneur C, et al. – The present study sought to survey whether time in somatic intensive care unit, justified by a patient’s somatic condition in the course of hospital care, has any association with patient outcome in terms of mortality in the long term. The findings suggest that the clinical seriousness of the somatic condition during hospitalisation for AN is a risk factor for excess mortality in the medium term. In the present study, 195 patients were hospitalised for AN between April 1996 and May 2002, 97 were re-assessed 9 years later on average. Researchers observed that out of 195 patients hospitalised for AN between April 1996 and May 2002, 29 had required transfer to intensive care. Findings revealed that mortality at 9 years was 20 times higher in the group having been transferred to intensive care, irrespective of the duration of follow-up. You mean, the sickest patients had the worst prognosis? How can that be?