Wednesday, October 25, 2017

More Stories from the Journal of Obvious Results

As I did on my posts of  November 30, 2011,   October 2, 2012September 17, 2013,  June 3, 2014,  February 24, 2015,  December 15, 2015,  September 13, 2016 and March 15, 2017, it’s time once again to look over the highlights of the latest issue of one of my two favorite psychiatry journals, Duh! and No Sh*t, Sherlock. We'll take a look at the unsurprising findings published in the latest issue of the later. 

The journals honor the tradition of The Golden Fleece Award, an award given to public officials in the United States for their squandering of public money, its name sardonically derived from the actual Order of the Golden Fleece, a prestigious chivalric award created in the late-15th Century, and a play on the word fleece, as in charging excessively for goods or services. The late United States  Senator William  Proxmire  began to issue the Golden Fleece Award in 1975 in monthly press releases.

My comments are in bronze.

As I pointed out in those earlier posts, research dollars are very limited and therefore precious. Why waste good money trying to study new, cutting edge or controversial ideas that might turn out to be wrong, when we can study things that that are already known to be true but have yet to be "proven"? Such an approach increases the success rate of studies almost astronomically. And studies with positive results are far more likely to be published than those that come up negative.

3/17/17. Because substance abuse is an indicator of being satisfied with your life. US Veterans With Substance Abuse Problems May Have Higher Risk Of Suicide Than Veterans Without Such Problems, Study Suggests. HealthDay  reported, “US veterans with substance abuse problems have a higher risk of suicide than veterans who don’t,” researchers found after examining data on “more than four million veterans.” The findings were published online March 16 in the journal Addiction.

5/24/17. Because having a potentially fatal illness is so exhilarating. Lung Cancer Diagnosis May Increase Suicide Risk, Study Suggests. HealthDay (5/23, Mille) reports that research suggests individuals “with lung cancer have a strikingly higher-than-normal risk of suicide.” Investigators looked at “data from over 3 million patients during a 40-year period.” The research indicated “that a lung cancer diagnosis raised the odds of suicide by over four times compared to people in the general population.” The findings were presented at the American Thoracic Society meeting.

5/30/17. Because most people adjust instantly when uprooted from their entire way of life by a bloody war. Syrian Refugee Children Living In The US Reported High Levels Of Anxiety, Small Study Suggests. MedPage Today (5/28, Visk) reported, “Syrian refugee children living in the US reported high levels of anxiety,” researchers found. Specifically, “based on self-reported test scores, more than half of children had a probable anxiety diagnosis, and more than 80% had probable separation anxiety,” the 59-child study revealed. The findings were presented during a poster session at the American Psychiatric Association’s annual meeting. Healio (5/26, Oldt) also covered the study.

8/17/17. Cheaters are prone to cheat? Will wonders never cease? Serial Infidelity Across Subsequent Relationships (Arch Sex Behav; ePub 2017 Aug 7; Knopp, et al ).  Prior infidelity emerged as an important risk factor for infidelity in next relationships, according to a recent study. Researchers addressed risk for serial infidelity by following adult participants (n=484) longitudinally through 2 mixed-gender romantic relationships. Participants reported their own extra-dyadic sexual involvement (ESI) (ie, having sexual relations with someone other than their partner) as well as both known and suspected ESI on the part of their partners in each romantic relationship.

9/6/17.  And I thought most elderly people who fall fall out of bed. For nursing home residents, mobility increases risk of fracture. Reuters (9/5, Rapaport) reports a new study published in The Journals of Gerontology: Series A found that for nursing home residents, “risk factors for fracture included the ability to walk independently, wandering the halls, dementia and diabetes.” The study was based on data from “419,668 nursing home residents, including 14,553 who experienced hip fractures.” Lead author Sarah Berry, MD, of the Institute for Aging Research and Harvard Medical School in Boston said, “Frail nursing home residents that are still mobile and independent have opportunity to fall.”

9/6/17. People prone to diseases get them more often than those who are not? Genetic variants linked to health problems appear less frequently in people who live longer, study indicates. Newsweek (9/5, Osborne) reports genetic research published in PLOS Biology used data from over 200,000 people to show humans “appear to be evolving to hit puberty later and those who start at an older age live longer.” Researchers also discovered that “genetic variants linked to heart disease, obesity and high cholesterol appear less frequently in people who live longer.”

9/8/17. Because major depression has a genetic component, and depressed mothers may have attachment issues or altered parental behavior, ya think? Children Whose Mothers Took Antidepressants During Pregnancy May Be At Increased Risk For Psychiatric Illnesses Themselves, Research Indicates. HealthDay (9/7, Preidt) reports, “Children whose mothers took antidepressants during pregnancy may be at increased risk for psychiatric disorders themselves,” researchers concluded after reviewing “data from more than 905,000 children born in Denmark between 1998 and 2012,” whose “health was followed for up to 16.5 years.” The findings were published online Sept. 6 in the BMJ. According to Medscape (9/7, Brooks), the authors of an accompanying editorial “say that reporting absolute risks, as the researchers do in this study, is important to facilitate communication between clinicians and pregnant women.”

9/8/17. Maybe cuz they’re the ones who are eating again? Young Women With Anorexia Nervosa Who Resume Menstruation By End Of Treatment May Experience Greater Improvement In Psychological, Physiological Well-Being Than Those Who Do Not, Small Study Suggests.

Medscape (9/7, Davenport) reports, “Young women with anorexia nervosa (AN) who resume menstruation by the end of treatment experience greater improvement in both psychological and physiologic well-being than those who do not,” researchers found after studying 39 women with AN and 40 women with bulimia nervosa. The findings were presented at the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology Congress.

9/8/17.  Why would you need doctors for people to have healthcare? I just don’t understand. ACA Plans With Narrow Networks May Provide Less Access To Mental Healthcare, Study Indicates. Reuters (9/7, Rapaport) reports that according to a new study conducted by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine in Philadelphia, “narrow-network insurance plans created by the Affordable Care Act (ACA) offer only limited access to mental health care.” The article says these plans seem to have substituted lower costs for less access to mental healthcare.

9/11/17. Self destructive kids study less? High school students with poor grades more likely to have unhealthy behaviors, CDC study indicates. The Atlanta Journal-Constitution (9/8, Hart) reported, “There’s a link between unhealthy behavior and bad grades, according to a new study of high school students by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.”  HealthDay (9/8, Preidt) reported the study suggests US high school students with poor grades are “much more likely to have unhealthy behaviors – including illegal drug use – than teens at the top of the class,” researchers concluded after “analyzing data from a 2015 government survey.” The findings were published in the CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

9/15/17. Because as we all know the incidence of health problems decreases with age. Risk For Health Anxiety May Be Increased In Older Adults, Study Suggests. MD Magazine (9/14, Warren) reports, “The risk for health anxiety...a disorder characterized by a preoccupation with physical health and/or somatic/body symptoms, is increased in older adults,” researchers found after assessing “538 primary care patients” ranging in age from 18 to 90. The findings were published online June 24 in the Journal of Anxiety Disorders.

9/29/17. They thought infectious disease occur spontaneously, I guess. Babies with older siblings may be at higher risk of hospitalization for influenza, researchers say. In “Well,” the New York Times (9/28, Bakalar, Subscription Publication) reports, “Having older brothers and sisters puts infants at higher risk for being hospitalized” for influenza, researchers concluded after studying “1,115 hospital admissions of children under two born in Scotland from 2007 to 2015.” The findings were published in the European Respiratory Journal.

10/2/17. Because listening to people talk about the voices in their heads is so relaxing. Caregivers of Individuals With Schizophrenia Experience High Levels of Distress, Study Finds. Psychological distress among family or friends who provide unpaid support to people with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder is much higher than the general population, reports a study published today in Psychiatric Services in Advance


10/4/17. I didn’t know PTSD had anything to do with being traumatized. PTSD Particularly Common Among People Exposed To Mass Shootings, Studies Indicate. The AP (10/3, Tanner) reports that people who survived this week’s shootings in Las Vegas may be at risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Also at risk for “psychological fallout” are first responders, medical staff, eyewitnesses, and bystanders. Studies indicate “PTSD is particularly common among people exposed to mass shootings versus other types of trauma, with rates as high as 90 percent reported” by some researchers.

Because being abused as a child is good for your mental health. Young Adults Who Recall Being Maltreated May Have A Particularly Elevated Risk For Psychopathology, Researchers Say.   A study to be published in the January issue of the Journal of Psychiatric Research (10/24, Newbury, Arseneault, Moffitt, Caspi, Danese, Baldwin, Fisher) “explores the validity and utility of retrospective self-reports versus prospective informant-reports of childhood maltreatment.” Study data “were obtained from the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Twin Study, a nationally-representative birth cohort of 2,232 children followed to 18 years of age (with 93% retention).” Researchers evaluated “childhood maltreatment” through “prospective informant-reports from caregivers, researchers, and clinicians when children were aged 5, 7, 10 and 12,” and via “retrospective self-reports of maltreatment experiences occurring up to age 12, obtained at age 18 using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire.” The study revealed that “young adults who recall being maltreated have a particularly elevated risk for psychopathology.”